Groznjan - history Groznjan - history Groznjan - history Groznjan - history

History


First mentioning of Grožnjan dates back to 1102. When istrian Markiz Ulrich II and his wife Adelaida granted their land to Patriarch of Aquileia. In this document fort is called Castrum Grisiniana. In 1238 Grožnjan was in property of Vicardo I. Pietrapalosa. In 1277 certain number of Slavic families were invited to settle the area and to cultivate non-cultivated land of family Pietrapalosa. In 1286 lended Grožnjan fort to Aquileian patriarch during war with Venice but changes sided in 1287 and gives Grožnjan to Venice.

During the Austrian rule the Grožnjan area flourished. Building of the Parenzana railroad in 1902 enhanced development of trade and agriculture. Wine, olive oil, eggs and other products were sold in Koper and Trieste. According to the 1910 census, the town of Groznjan had 1,658 and the municipal area 4,028 inhabitants. Grožnjan had a doctor, post office, school, lawyer, notary public, oil- processing plant, bakery, groceries and clothing stores, two butcher’s, several inns and various trade shops (shoemakers, blacksmiths, tailors, carpenters, etc.). The fall of the Austrian Empire, the subsequent Italian rule and the Great Depression had its consequences. In the 1920s people started to emigrate, looking for work in Triest and overseas.

Poor Groznjan was nearly deserted when, in 1965, the first painters and sculptors moved into its crumbling stone buildings and started restoring them.